A script to convert mysql to sqlite.

#!/bin/sh

# Converts a mysqldump file into a Sqlite 3 compatible file. It also extracts the MySQL `KEY xxxxx` from the
# CREATE block and create them in separate commands _after_ all the INSERTs.

# Awk is choosen because it's fast and portable. You can use gawk, original awk or even the lightning fast mawk.
# The mysqldump file is traversed only once.

# Usage: $ ./mysql2sqlite mysqldump-opts db-name | sqlite3 database.sqlite
# Example: $ ./mysql2sqlite --no-data -u root -pMySecretPassWord myDbase | sqlite3 database.sqlite

# Thanks to and @artemyk and @gkuenning for their nice tweaks.
#
# https://gist.github.com/esperlu/943776

mysqldump  --compatible=ansi --skip-extended-insert --compact  "[email protected]" | \

awk '

BEGIN {
	FS=",$"
	print "PRAGMA synchronous = OFF;"
	print "PRAGMA journal_mode = MEMORY;"
	print "BEGIN TRANSACTION;"
}

# CREATE TRIGGER statements have funny commenting.  Remember we are in trigger.
/^\/\*.*CREATE.*TRIGGER/ {
	gsub( /^.*TRIGGER/, "CREATE TRIGGER" )
	print
	inTrigger = 1
	next
}

# The end of CREATE TRIGGER has a stray comment terminator
/END \*\/;;/ { gsub( /\*\//, "" ); print; inTrigger = 0; next }

# The rest of triggers just get passed through
inTrigger != 0 { print; next }

# Skip other comments
/^\/\*/ { next }

# Print all `INSERT` lines. The single quotes are protected by another single quote.
/INSERT/ {
	gsub( /\\\047/, "\047\047" )
	gsub(/\\n/, "\n")
	gsub(/\\r/, "\r")
	gsub(/\\"/, "\"")
	gsub(/\\\\/, "\\")
	gsub(/\\\032/, "\032")
	print
	next
}

# Print the `CREATE` line as is and capture the table name.
/^CREATE/ {
	print
	if ( match( $0, /\"[^\"]+/ ) ) tableName = substr( $0, RSTART+1, RLENGTH-1 )
}

# Replace table and column COMMENT
/ COMMENT '.*'/ { gsub( / COMMENT '.*'/, "" ) }

# Replace `FULLTEXT KEY` or any other `XXXXX KEY` except PRIMARY by `KEY`
/^  [^"]+KEY/ && !/^  PRIMARY KEY/ { gsub( /.+KEY/, "  KEY" ) }

# Get rid of field lengths in KEY lines
/ KEY/ { gsub(/\([0-9]+\)/, "") }

# Print all fields definition lines except the `KEY` lines.
/^  / && !/^(  KEY|\);)/ {
	gsub( /AUTO_INCREMENT|auto_increment/, "" )
	gsub( /(CHARACTER SET|character set) [^ ]+ /, "" )
	gsub( /DEFAULT CURRENT_TIMESTAMP ON UPDATE CURRENT_TIMESTAMP|default current_timestamp on update current_timestamp/, "" )
	gsub( /(COLLATE|collate) [^ ]+ /, "" )
	gsub(/(ENUM|enum)[^)]+\)/, "text ")
	gsub(/(SET|set)\([^)]+\)/, "text ")
	gsub(/UNSIGNED|unsigned/, "")
	if (prev) print prev ","
	prev = $1
}

# `KEY` lines are extracted from the `CREATE` block and stored in array for later print
# in a separate `CREATE KEY` command. The index name is prefixed by the table name to
# avoid a sqlite error for duplicate index name.
/^(  KEY|\);)/ {
	if (prev) print prev
	prev=""
	if ($0 == ");"){
		print
	} else {
		if ( match( $0, /\"[^"]+/ ) ) indexName = substr( $0, RSTART+1, RLENGTH-1 )
		if ( match( $0, /\([^()]+/ ) ) indexKey = substr( $0, RSTART+1, RLENGTH-1 )
		key[tableName]=key[tableName] "CREATE INDEX \"" tableName "_" indexName "\" ON \"" tableName "\" (" indexKey ");\n"
	}
}

# Print all `KEY` creation lines.
END {
	for (table in key) printf key[table]
	print "END TRANSACTION;"
}
'
exit 0

Troubleshooting issues

  • readline version issue on macos
# error like below:
dyld: Library not loaded: /usr/local/opt/readline/lib/libreadline.6.dylib
  Referenced from: /usr/local/etc/awk
# solution:
brew switch readline 6.3.8
  • syntax issue between sql
# error below:
mysql table column 'COMMENT' causes table not found
# solution:
remove the comment for table

References

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Post tagged with: mysql, sqlite